Business confidence – an average of business prospects and economic optimism – in February has slightly decreased from 35% to 33%, according to the latest Business Barometer from Lloyds Bank Commercial Banking. However, this remains above the long-term average of 32%.

Overall confidence in the first two months of the year is higher than in Q4 2017 and is driven by a rise in economic optimism. Levels of economic optimism remain consistent with last month’s results at 31%, having jumped up from 8% in December, which is well above the long term average of 19%.

Firms’ confidence in their own business prospects dipped further this month from 39% to 35% and remains below the long-term average of 44%.

One senior economist with the banking giant, Hann-Ju Ho, noted that: “Firms continue to remain resilient as is demonstrated by the stable levels in business confidence and the continuation of strong economic optimism. The survey is consistent with slightly stronger growth in GDP in the first quarter of 2018 than was seen in the last quarter of 2017.”

The rise in economic optimism since December – which has been maintained despite this month’s fall – seems to be related, in part, to improved sentiment regarding firms’ assessment of the impact of the UK-EU agreement on the first stage of negotiations in December. Companies are evenly balanced on the impact of Brexit, in contrast with the final quarter of 2017 when there was a negative net balance of -11%.

Hiring intentions for the coming year decreased from a seven-month high, but remains positive. There is still little sign that firms expect average wage growth to accelerate over the coming year. Employment expectations for the coming year fell, having risen to a seven-month high in January. The net balance anticipating a rise in staff levels, nevertheless, remained positive, although it decreased by 5 points from 30% to 25%.

Despite expectations of further employment growth for the coming year, there remains little sign that companies foresee a significant pickup in average pay growth. According to our survey, median annual increase in average pay was in the range of 1% to 2% over the past year. The same median increase is anticipated for the next twelve months. Only 15% of firms in our survey expect average pay in the coming year to rise by more than the current rate of consumer price inflation at 3%.

Gareth Oakley, who runs small business banking at Lloyds, commented: “Businesses do seem to be confident in the economic outlook despite current uncertainty, and this is good news. However, there’s no escaping the fact that firms are less upbeat about their own prospects.  This lack of optimism might cause some businesses to reflect on investment plans, but it is vital that they do not let anything get in the way of opportunities for future growth.”

London (50%) maintained its high level of business confidence, followed by the East Midlands (42%) and the North East (42%). There was significant improvement in Scotland, which rose from 18% to 35%, slightly above the UK average of 33%. Confidence in the West Midlands, however, fell back from last month’s strong reading of 45% to 30%.

The weakest confidence levels were in the South East (23%), Wales (24%) and Yorkshire and the Humber (27%). Employment expectations by region largely reflect overall confidence, with strongest net balances in London (34%) and the North East (32%). The lowest net balances for expected staff levels were in the West Midlands (12%) and Northern Ireland (18%).

The manufacturing sector reported the highest level of overall confidence at 41%, taking the lead from the construction sector in January whose confidence dropped from 42% to 37%. In other areas, confidence in consumer services (including retail) rose to 31% from 27%, driven by stronger retail sentiment which gapped higher to 37% from 17%.

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